In 47 states and Washington D.C., CBD is legal. This is a considerable change in the cultural, medical, and legal landscape in the U.S. since before 2013, CBD had not been decriminalized yet. Now the regulation of medical marijuana and CBD manufacturing is up to the individual states, and few rules are in effect to govern the manufacture and sale of CBD types. But a recent and promising development has occurred with the FDA, which has approved the use of the medical marijuana drug for childhood epilepsy, called Epidiolex. Industrial hemp has been legalized federally, and therefore CBD derived from hemp (like HUGS products) are legal by federal standards. CBD derived from industrial hemp is only illegal in three states (Nebraska, South Dakota, and Wyoming).
Studies on the benefits, side effects and long-term effects of CBD types and products are still in their infancy, but the studies that have been conducted and proven conclusive appear promising.
Oils are the most popular of CBD types. Numerous studies have been conducted on their ability to alleviate the symptoms of many distressing health issues, including anxiety, insomnia, chronic pain, nausea, and appetite loss. The use of CBD oil has exploded in recent years, and the medical marijuana industry is predicted to grow to more than 5 billion dollars by the year 2021.
As more and more medical and scientific evidence on the product’s health benefits become more conclusive and widespread, the industry should become more uniform, high-quality, and regulated for utmost purity and effectiveness. As a relatively new and growing industry, there are a lot of product CBD products on the market, and it can be challenging for consumers to know what type of CBD product is best for what ails them. The following guide will break down the general, as well as the more granular forms of CBD.
What is CBD?
CBD stands for cannabidiol, and it is extracted from the hemp plant. There is a misconception that taking medical-grade CBD products will make someone “high,” but that is not true. The main component in marijuana that gets a person high is called THC, and it is activated when the flowers or buds of the marijuana plant are heated to a certain degree. People get high on marijuana by smoking or cooking and then eating the flowers of the plant. But the marijuana plant is more than just THC. It is comprised of hundreds of different components that can offer an array of health benefits. On the other hand, the hemp plant does not contain a significant quantity of THC to get someone high.
With CBD products, beneficial cannabinoids are extracted from the hemp plant. THC is sometimes extracted from the plant and put into a CBD product, but the THC levels are minuscule and cannot get someone high or otherwise intoxicate someone. The cannabinoid extracts are then put into a medical grade product.
To appreciate how medical grade cannabis works, the readers will need to understand the mechanisms behind how it works.
The human body possesses a system called the endocannabinoid system, or the ECS. The human body also produces natural endocannabinoids, which are a type of neurotransmitters. Other neurotransmitters are things like dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine. Neurotransmitters like endocannabinoids regulate a host of different, crucial bodily functions, including a person’s appetite, their ability to sleep, and how they register pain. When a person takes a CBD product, the cannabinoids in the product will bind and impact the body’s natural endocannabinoid receptors. This is the process by which CBD products produce different effects on the user.
What are the general CBD types?
The most popular form of CBD is CBD oil. The cannabinoid extracts are diluted with a carrier oil, which is usually hemp, coconut, or grapeseed oil. In most cases, CBD oil is taken sublingually. CBD oil is also put into different types of CBD products, like creams, drinks, or edibles. There are different types of CBD oils, and they vary depending on the kind of cannabinoids included, and if they have THC in them or not.
CBD isolate is a white, powdery substance that is the pure CBD molecule. CBD isolate does not contain phytocannabinoids like a full or broad-spectrum CBD oil product.
A full-spectrum CBD product refers to cannabis that is extracted from the entire marijuana plant. Not only does it contain the CBD molecule, but it also includes other beneficial cannabinoids, including THC, CBN, THCA, CBG, and CBC.
Consumers can also purchase nano CBD, which is a compound where the CBD molecules are shrunk and changed to a water-based form. This form of CBD oil is ideal for creams because the beneficial CBD can easily pass through the skin in this form.
A broad spectrum CBD oil will contain all of the phytocannabinoids presents in its full-spectrum cousins, but it does not contain THC.
Furthermore, CBD oils can be processed in different ways, which can change how the product looks and the benefits it offers. People can purchase raw CBD oil, where they can get all of the cannabinoids, plus terpenes and chlorophyll of the plant. The raw oils are also dark green or black in appearance. Users can also get decarboxylated CBD oil, where the product is free from certain acidic components that can reduce its bioavailability. The product is dark green or black. CBD oils that are yellow or honey-colored are filtered, pure, and usually free of THC.
While the amount of THC in any CBD oil product is minuscule and can’t intoxicate a person, it can show up on a drug test. Studies have also found that CBD products containing THC can induce anxiety in some people.
Besides pure CBD oils, there are many different medical hemp products consumers can purchase.
Consumers can vaporize cannabis oil in a cartridge, otherwise known as vape. People may prefer vaping CBD oil because the effects are faster since the CBD oil can bypass the digestive tract. Plus, the effects are diluted by having to go through the digestive tract and the liver. Vaping is odorless and produces a minuscule amount of “smoke” making it a discreet and quick way to medicate. People can choose from different flavors, too.
CBD oils are the most popular of all medical hemp products. CBD oils are easy to find and purchase, and come in a variety of different potencies and can go through different filtering processes, producing a range of effects and benefits.
Drinks can be infused with a combination of CBD, or THC, or either one of these compounds in isolation. Popular cannabis drinks are dealcoholized beers, coffees, teas, and kombuchas.
CBD bath bombs are infused with either CBD alone, THC, or a combination of both cannabinoids. The molecules can be absorbed through the skin when someone uses a bath bomb. Baths alone are very relaxing, but combining a bath with a CBD bath bomb can help to relax sore muscles or aching feet further.
There are CBD sprays that have been found to be beneficial for alleviating the pain of sciatica and multiple sclerosis. People who have movement issues from Huntington’s Disease can also benefit from CBD sprays and inhalers.
Cannabis creams are infused in medical-grade hemp, and allow users to target specific areas without getting a systemic effect. CBD creams can soothe aching muscles and sore joints. Studies have found that applying medical-grade CBD creams to tight muscles or a tense neck can reduce triggers for migraines and headaches.
Medical-grade CBD can also be used to create a variety of different edibles. The most popular edibles are fruit-flavored gummies and hard candies.
Syrups, Concentrates, and Wax
Cannabis syrup concentrate and wax are also known as extracts. These forms of CBD come in a variety of forms and are more potent than the other types of CBD products listed so far. Concentrates are sometimes made out of living resin or kief.
CBD for Pets
Humans aren’t the only ones with cannabinoid receptors. Dogs and cats also have naturally occurring cannabinoid receptors and can benefit from medical-grade CBD oils and products. People can find tinctures, chew treats, and CBD capsules for dogs and cats that can help reduce chronic pain and inflammation.
CBD massage oils and other topical CBD products will activate the skin’s natural cannabinoid receptors. For people with sore or aching muscles, a massage with CBD oils can alleviate pain, stiffness, and soreness much more quickly and effectively than if a person used a non-infused lubricant.
Where are CBD products sold?
In states where medical marijuana and CBD is legalized, there are many brick-and-mortar dispensaries available for consumers. Most medical marijuana dispensaries have an online presence too, where customers can purchase products from a digital storefront.
As far as finding reputable CBD companies, it is critical that consumers do their research. Less scrupulous sellers will sometimes market CBD products dishonestly since the medical marijuana industry, and the CBD industry in the U.S. is relatively new and unregulated on a federal level. They may mislabel the product as having no THC when trace amounts of THC are present in the product, or vice versa. Always check third-party online reviews, and look to see where the hemp is sourced. Food-grade farms protect hemp plants from absorbing toxins that can contaminate the final CBD product.