CBD is a new supplement, and it wasn’t until recently that the U.S. started to look at cannabis as something that can be processed and manufactured into medicines and supplements. For many consumers who aren’t familiar with CBD, they may wonder if these products contain the same ingredient in cannabis that can induce a high.
But the thing is, cannabis, or hemp plant, is made up of hundreds of different cannabinoid compounds. Only one of those compounds, THC, can get someone high. However, THC can’t take effect unless it is heated first. When it comes to CBD products, these products are broken down into different categories, and one of those is called “full spectrum.” Some of the different CBD products will contain THC compounds, while others will not.
CBD products are broken down into CBD isolate, broad-spectrum CBD, and full spectrum CBD. Before consumers can appreciate the differences between these CBD products, it’s essential to understand where CBD products come from and how they are made in the first place.
The cannabis plant is broken down into two different species – hemp and cannabis or marijuana. Each plant possesses a different concentration of cannabinoids. For CBD without any THC, all of the cannabinoids are extracted from the hemp plant.
Cannabinoids are taken from the plants via a process of CO2 extraction. During this process, other parts of the plant are also obtained, such as the terpenes and flavonoids. Once the compounds and other parts of the plant are extracted, a manufacturer will further refine the process, so that the final CBD product contains certain cannabinoids or other plant parts. This refining process is the ultimate determinant for whether or not a product will be CBD isolate, or full or broad spectrum.
Consumers who want the full benefits of CBD in its purest form will want to choose the products labeled as CBD isolates. CBD isolates are created when manufacturers remove all other cannabinoid compounds found in the hemp plant, and also the terpenes, flavonoids, and parts of the plant. Manufacturers typically produce CBD isolates from the hemp plant, since the hemp plant is naturally low in THC cannabinoids.
A broad spectrum CBD product is similar to a full spectrum product, except it is THC-free. Consumers get the benefits of the entourage effect, without the risks associated with the THC compound. Studies on THC have also found that people with depression and anxiety can experience worse symptoms when exposed to high levels of THC. For these consumers, broad-spectrum CBD products might be a more therapeutic choice.
What is cannabinol, or CBN?
CBN is a somewhat psychoactive compound found in the cannabis plant. This cannabinoid can make someone drowsy. When the compound THC is oxidized, the process converts THC to CBN, making CBN a byproduct of the THC compound in marijuana. Before scientists discovered THC, they believed that CBN was the chemical in marijuana that could get someone high. Full spectrum CBD contains small amounts of CBN.
What is cannabigerol, or CBG?
CBG is a minor cannabinoid compound, and small traces of it can be found in a variety of cannabis plants. Full spectrum CBD products contain CBG, but this compound is free of psychoactive properties. CBG is thought to decrease inflammation and also help alleviate the symptoms of glaucoma.
What is THCV?
Tetrahydrocannabivarin, or THCV, is similar to the compound THC in molecular structure. It also contains some psychoactive properties. Like THC, THCV requires heat to activate, but at a much higher temperature than THC. THCV is believed to suppress appetite, promote bone health, and also alleviate the symptoms of panic attacks.
Why would someone choose full spectrum?
The compounds in full spectrum CBD are synergistic, and they work together to enhance each other’s effects and give the user the full range of health benefits.
Can someone get high on full spectrum CBD?
Taking full-spectrum CBD does come with some risk of intoxication and also sedative side effects. It is also possible for the product to show up in drug tests since it will contain some amount of THC.
How can someone use full spectrum CBD?
Isolate, full, and broad spectrum CBD comes in a variety of products and potencies. Most full spectrum CBD products come in tincture or oil form. Consumers obtain a dose of the oil or tincture with an eyedropper and then place and hold the product under the tongue for a minute or two. This allows the products to absorb directly through the capillaries under the tongue, and help the user obtain the benefits of the product quickly since it goes straight to the bloodstream.
Where can someone purchase full spectrum products?
It can be difficult for consumers to know what companies are reputable and stock high-quality CBD products. The CBD market is not regulated under uniform, federal, or FDA testing since these products are considered health supplements. For consumers, it’s ideal to look for a company that offers independent, third-party testing on their full spectrum CBD oils and tinctures.
Hugs is committed to bringing transparency to the CBD industry with high-quality, third-party tested products. Shop online today and have CBD products delivered straight to your door.